Internet-based learning management systems include Canvas , Blackboard Inc.
These types of LMS allow educators to run a learning system partially or fully online, asynchronously or synchronously. Learning Management Systems also offer a non-linear presentation of content and curricular goals, giving students the choice of pace and order of information learned. A learning content management system LCMS is software for author content courses, reusable content objects.
A recent trend in LCMSs is to address this issue through crowdsourcing cf. SlideWiki . Computer-aided assessment e-assessment ranges from automated multiple-choice tests to more sophisticated systems. With some systems, feedback can be geared towards a student's specific mistakes or the computer can navigate the student through a series of questions adapting to what the student appears to have learned or not learned. Formative assessment sifts out the incorrect answers, and these questions are then explained by the teacher.
The learner then practices with slight variations of the sifted out questions. The process is completed by summative assessment using a new set of questions that only cover the topics previously taught.
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An electronic performance support system EPSS is, according to Barry Raybould, "a computer-based system that improves worker productivity by providing on-the-job access to integrated information, advice, and learning experiences". A training management system or training resource management system is a software designed to optimize instructor-led training management. Similar to an enterprise resource planning ERP , it is a back office tool which aims at streamlining every aspect of the training process: planning training plan and budget forecasting , logistics scheduling and resource management , financials cost tracking, profitability , reporting, and sales for-profit training providers.
While training management systems focus on managing instructor-led training , they can complete an LMS. In this situation, an LMS will manage e-learning delivery and assessment, while a training management system will manage ILT and back-office budget planning, logistic and reporting.
Content and design architecture issues include pedagogy and learning object re-use. One approach looks at five aspects: . Pedagogical elements are defined as structures or units of educational material.
They are the educational content that is to be delivered. These units are independent of format, meaning that although the unit may be delivered in various ways, the pedagogical structures themselves are not the textbook, web page, video conference , Podcast , lesson, assignment, multiple choice question, quiz, discussion group or a case study, all of which are possible methods of delivery.
Much effort has been put into the technical reuse of electronically based teaching materials and in particular creating or re-using learning objects. These are self-contained units that are properly tagged with keywords, or other metadata , and often stored in an XML file format. Creating a course requires putting together a sequence of learning objects. There are both proprietary and open, non-commercial and commercial, peer-reviewed repositories of learning objects such as the Merlot repository.
Other specifications such as Schools Interoperability Framework allow for the transporting of learning objects , or for categorizing metadata LOM. As artificial intelligence AI becomes more prominent in this age of big data , it has also been widely adopted in K classrooms.
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One prominent class of AI-enhanced educational technology is intelligent tutoring systems ITSs , designed to provide immediate and personalized feedbacks to students. The incentive to develop ITS comes from educational studies showing that individual tutoring is much more effective than group teaching,   in addition to the need for promoting learning on a larger scale. Over the years, a combination of cognitive science theories and data-driven techniques have greatly enhanced the capabilities of ITS, allowing it to model a wide range of students' characteristics, such as knowledge,  affect,  off-task behavior  and wheel spinning.
Recent works have also focused on developing AI-enhanced learning tools that supports human teachers in coordinating classroom activities. On the other hand, AI can share the workload and recommend the best course of actions e. Various forms of electronic media can be a feature of preschool life.www.depozituldepublicitate.ro/libraries/34-comprare-zithromax-vs.php
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The age when a given child might start using a particular technology such as a cellphone or computer might depend on matching a technological resource to the recipient's developmental capabilities, such as the age-anticipated stages labeled by Swiss psychologist, Jean Piaget. At the preschool level, technology can be introduced in several ways. At the most basic is the use of computers, tablets, and audio and video resources in classrooms.
Some options that are age-appropriate are video- or audio- recording of their creations, introducing them to the use of the internet through browsing age-appropriate websites, providing assistive technology to allow differently-abled children to participate with the rest of their peers,  educational apps, electronic books, and educational videos. Educational technology is also thought to improve hand-eye coordination, language skills, visual attention and motivation to complete educational tasks, and allows children to experience things they otherwise wouldn't.
E-learning is utilized by public K—12 schools in the United States as well as private schools. Some e-learning environments take place in a traditional classroom, others allow students to attend classes from home or other locations. There are several states that are utilizing virtual school platforms for e-learning across the country that continue to increase. Virtual school enables students to log into synchronous learning or asynchronous learning courses anywhere there is an internet connection.
E-learning is increasingly being utilized by students who may not want to go to traditional brick and mortar schools due to severe allergies or other medical issues, fear of school violence and school bullying and students whose parents would like to homeschool but do not feel qualified. Online charter schools also often are not limited by location, income level or class size in the way brick and mortar charter schools are. E-learning also has been rising as a supplement to the traditional classroom. Students with special talents or interests outside of the available curricula use e-learning to advance their skills or exceed grade restrictions.
National private schools are also available online. These provide the benefits of e-learning to students in states where charter online schools are not available. They also may allow students greater flexibility and exemption from state testing. Some of these schools are available at the high school level and offer college prep courses to students.
Virtual education in K schooling often refers to virtual schools , and in higher education to virtual universities. Virtual schools are "cyber charter schools "  with innovative administrative models and course delivery technology. Education technology also seems to be an interesting method of engaging gifted youths that are under-stimulated in their current educational program. Although a large proportion of for-profit higher education institutions now offer online classes, only about half of private, non-profit schools do so.
Private institutions may become more involved with on-line presentations as the costs decrease. Properly trained staff must also be hired to work with students online. Online education is rapidly increasing, and online doctoral programs have even developed at leading research universities. Although massive open online courses MOOCs may have limitations that preclude them from fully replacing college education,  such programs have significantly expanded.
MIT , Stanford and Princeton University offer classes to a global audience, but not for college credit. MOOCs have not had a significant impact on higher education and declined after the initial expansion, but are expected to remain in some form. E-learning is being used by companies to deliver mandatory compliance training and updates for regulatory compliance , soft skills and IT skills training, continuing professional development CPD and other valuable workplace skills. Companies with spread out distribution chains use e-learning for delivering information about the latest product developments.
Most of corporate e-learning is asynchronous and delivered and managed via learning management systems. There is an important need for recent, reliable, and high-quality health information to be made available to the public as well as in summarized form for public health providers.
Another application in public health is the development of mHealth use of mobile telecommunication and multimedia into global public health. MHealth has been used to promote prenatal and newborn services, with positive outcomes. In addition, "Health systems have implemented mHealth programs to facilitate emergency medical responses, point-of-care support, health promotion and data collection.
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Effective technology use deploys multiple evidence-based strategies concurrently e. Modern educational technology can improve access to education,  including full degree programs. Using online resources can help students spend more time on specific aspects of what they may be learning in school, but at home. The necessity to pay for transport to the educational facility is removed.
Students appreciate the convenience of e-learning, but report greater engagement in face-to-face learning environments. According to James Kulik, who studies the effectiveness of computers used for instruction, students usually learn more in less time when receiving computer-based instruction and they like classes more and develop more positive attitudes toward computers in computer-based classes.
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Students can independently solve problems. Students editing their written work on word processors improve the quality of their writing. According to some studies, the students are better at critiquing and editing written work that is exchanged over a computer network with students they know. Employers' acceptance of online education has risen over time. Seventy-nine percent said they had employed a candidate with an online degree in the past 12 months. The use of educational apps generally has a positive effect on learning.
Pre- and post- tests reveal that the use of apps on mobile devices reduces the achievement gap between struggling and average students. The benefits of app-assisted learning have been exhibited in all age groups. Kindergarten students that use iPads show much higher rates of literacy than non-users.
Globally, factors like change management, technology obsolescence and vendor- developer partnership are major restraints that are hindering the growth of Educational technology market. In US, state and the federal government increased funding, as well as private venture capital has been flowing into education sector.
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